From the late nineteenth century through today, a movement in Russian thought usually referred to as “Russian Cosmism” has devoted serious philosophical, theological, and scientific consideration to a number of topics traditionally grounded in science fiction or in occult literature and practice: the quest for human immortality, the resuscitation of the dead, the negation of gravitational force, the colonization of distant planets, the reconstitution of the human body, self-directed evolution, the emergence of a new age and new reality, the development of super-human capabilities, etc.
One of the more fascinating Cosmist thinkers, a polymath, interdisciplinary scientist now highly honored in Russia but still little known in the West, was Alexander Chizhevsky (1867-1964), a gulag survivor in the 1940s for whom an asteroid was named in the 1970s, a heliobiologist who began his academic career writing about eighteenth century Russian poetry, later considered a leading candidate for a Nobel Prize in chemistry. During the Stalin years, he was found guilty of incorrect thought, of trying to reverse the course of scientific progress, turn chemistry back into alchemy and astronomy back into astrology. His “crime” was to have published a seminal work on the influence of solar storms on human history. His other groundbreaking studies, in aero-ionizization, had led to more eggs from hens and higher worker productivity in factories — investigations that had won him drawers full of ribbons and medals. But to have suggested that it was not great Comrades Lenin and Stalin and their correct understanding of historical necessity that had led to the Great October Revolution, but sunstorms? — to the gulag!
Chizhevsky, of course, had never argued that periodic bursts of solar energy were the sole or even prime cause of human events — just that they were an important contributing factor, and could trigger actions that had been building up from a variety of other causes. He called his study of the correlation between periodic cycles of solar and human activity “historiometry” and presented his ideas in a 1918 doctoral dissertation “Analysis of Periodicity in the Worldwide Process,” which was published a few years later as “Physical Factors of the Historical Process.” (English version available online.)
soruce: The Huffington Post